Remarkable journey from refugee to Rhodes scholar.

Growing up as an Afghan refugee in Pakistan, bloodshed was never far from Summia Tora's life.

From her home - a single bedroom panan in a house shared by four families - she could hear the sound of drones landing not far from Peshawar, in northwest Pakistan, where her family had fled in the 1990s to escape the Taliban's rise.

"I was just living in this violence, but it was a given, so I couldn't do anything about it," Summia says. Sometimes or twice a week. "At some point, people stopped แทงบอลออนไลน์ talking about it. It would happen, and everyone would move on."

But life there was a privilege compared to คลิปหลุด Afghanistan, she tells the BBC. At least she got to go to school.

On a visit to Kabul in 2002, just after the US invasion, a girl not much older described only being able to attend school by pretending to be a boy. Summia was six, but she remembers it clearly. She คลิปหลุด vowed then that she would to take learning seriously.

It would be hard to dispute คลิปหลุด that she has. In October, Summia, now 22, will become the first Rhodes Scholar to hail from Afghanistan, one of 102 students to earn a place in the 2020 class of the world's oldest postgraduate scholarship.

Now finishing her last term at Earlham College, a liberal arts university in the US state of Indiana, her outlook is bright and she laughs with ease, the fluent torrent of her words belying คลิปหลุด the traumas of the journey that has taken her from refugee to Rhodes Scholar.

To be called an educated Afghan woman is in itself a rarity. Female literacy in Afghanistan today stands at 17%, according to Unesco.

Though figures in neighbouring คลิปหลุด Pakistan are still poor - around 45% of women can read - access to schooling is possible. In contrast, in her home country "even the people who could afford to go to school were not able to go… because there weren't any", Summia says.

So it was her unlikely fortune to grow up in Pakistan, she says - an irony given the region's privations and dangers. Thousands of US drone operations have flown over Northwest Pakistan since 2004, as part of the so-called war on terror. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the province containing Peshawar, has been a major theatre for the decades-long Pakistani fight against insurgency.